Neda Amirteymoori; Seyyed Saeid Mohammadi; Malihe Nakhaei
Volcanic rocks are observed in Ebrahim abad area, southwest of Gazik and in southern Khorasan province that located in northern part of the Sistan suture zone. The studied lavas consist ...
Volcanic rocks are observed in Ebrahim abad area, southwest of Gazik and in southern Khorasan province that located in northern part of the Sistan suture zone. The studied lavas consist of basaltic andesite, andesite and dacite with Eocene to Miocene age accompain pyroclastic rocks such as tuff. Main minerals in basaltic andesite include of plagioclase, pyroxene and olivine, in andesite consists of plagioclase, hornblende and pyroxene and in dacites composed of plagioclas, quartz and hornblende. Intermediate volcanic rocks have porphyritic with microlitic groundmass, megaporphyritic, glomeroporphyritic and poikilitic textures and common texture in dacite is porphyritic with microgranular groundmass. These rocks show disequilibrium evidences such as zoning in plagioclases, sieve texture and embayment in some minerals. Geochemical studies indicate that the lavas of Ebrahim abad area belong to calc alkaline series. These rocks have enrichment in LREE relative to HREE. The high value of LREE and large ion lithophile elements (LILE) relative to HFSE and negative anomaly in Nb and Ti, represent a subduction tectonic environment and active continental margin. The original magma of these lavas probably derived from partial melting of spinel- garnet lherzolite mantle that enriched by subducted slab fluids.