Mehdi Mahdavi Akerdi; Azadeh Malekzadeh Shafaroudi; Mohammad Hassan Karimpour; Behnam Rahimi; Jose Francisco Santos
The rocks of the Robaie area located in the Torud-Chahshirin belt and south of Damghan, includes the Eocene andesite and trachyandesite rocks in which subvolcanic igneous rocks as stoke ...
The rocks of the Robaie area located in the Torud-Chahshirin belt and south of Damghan, includes the Eocene andesite and trachyandesite rocks in which subvolcanic igneous rocks as stoke and dyke with diorite, monzonite and monzodiorite porphyry composition are intruded. The main textures of volcanic rocks are porphyritic characterized by plagioclase, hornblende and biotite phenocrysts as well as apatite and zircon as minor minerals. The rocks studied are mainly of shoshonitic nature and only one sample is considered as high-K calc-alkaline. Several line of evidence including LILE and LREE enrichment, HREE and HFSE depletion, high Th/Yb with negative anomalies of Ti, Nb and the position of the samples on the tectonic discrimination diagrams indicate that the volcanic rocks in discussion were emplaced into the subduction zone related to an active continental margin setting. The initial 87Sr/86Sr, 143Nd/144Nd ratios and (εNd)i value of andesite are 0.704445, 0.512691 and 2.29, respectively. All of these evidences confirm that the studied volcanic rocks were generated from partial melting of the mantle wedge above the subduction zone. Petrographic observations along with geochemistry of rare earth and trace elements suggest that the calc-alkaline affinity of the rocks studied and their parent magma from a subducted-related environment as well as crustal assimilation and fractional crystallization