Shahrzad Sherafat; Alireza Aliyari
In the north of Torud and the eastern part of the Trood- Chah Shirin magmatic arc, the Late Eocene- Early Oligocene subvolcanic rocks with andesite, trachyandesite and dacite composition ...
In the north of Torud and the eastern part of the Trood- Chah Shirin magmatic arc, the Late Eocene- Early Oligocene subvolcanic rocks with andesite, trachyandesite and dacite composition intruded the Eocene volcanic- pyroclastic sequence. Mineralogically, they are dominated by plagioclase, hornblende, biotite, quartz and magnetite with microlithic porphyry and hyallomicrolithic porphyric textures. Plagioclase with polysynthetic twinning and oscillatory zoning is the most abundant mineral that sometimes having sieve texture, dissolution, and corroded margins. Biotite and amphibole phenocrysts are idiomorphs to subidiomprph with opacitic margins. Quartz phenocrysts sometimes have corrosion gulf. Microscopic evidence, including non- equilibrium textures (oscillatory zoning and sieve texture of plagioclases), dissolution, and corrosion of crystals point to assimilation and magmatic contamination. The geochemical signatures of the rocks studied including enrichment in LILEs (especially Rb, K, Th) and LREEs relative to HREEs and HFSEs (Ta, Nb, Ti), a calc- alkaline affinity and their position on discrimination tectonomagmatic diagrams, display that these rocks derived from a subduction- related environment. These mentioned signatures with a differentiated pattern of rare earth elements without Eu anomaly, depletion in Y and Yb, and high ratio of Sr/Y and La/Yb show these rocks belong to high silica adakites. The parent magma of adakitic rocks in this region originated from partial melting of subducted oceanic crust (in garnet stability depth) associated with fractional crystallization and assimilation processes.