Rb/Sr and Sm/Nd isotope geochemistry and petrogenesis of Mishu granitoid rocks, northwest of Iran


Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran


The Mishu granitoids occur in northwest of Central Iran and are part of the Khoy-Takab Precambrian metamorphic belt. Based on petrographic studies, this complex comprises several intrusions of granitic rocks ranging in composition from diorite to leucogranite. Geochemical studies indicate these granitic rocks can be divided into the three groups which have undergone a complex history of magmatic process. I-type and S-type granitoidic rocks and leucogranites generally having features typical of medium to high-K calc-alkaline to shoshonitic rocks. Primitive mantle-normalized trace element spider diagrams display enrichment in LILE and depletion in some HFSE which is typical of an enriched mantle source. Rb-Sr and Pb-Pb isotopic data determine the ages of 530±30 and 500±74 Ma for the rocks studied. S-type granites show high (87Sr/86Sr)i values between 0.7081 and 0.7104 and negative ɛNd values -4.18 to -4.72, whereas I-type granites have a much wider range in ɛNd of -0.8 to -4.3 and lower (87Sr/86Sr)i of 0.704867 to 0.708046. Initial ɛNd values for leucogranites range from +0.98 to +1.25. However, their variable Sr and Nd isotope compositions together with major and trace element geochemistry suggest that they were produced by mixing of crustal anatectic melts with variable amounts of mantle-derived basaltic liquids. The present study, therefore demonstrates that these granitic rocks formed on an active continental margin during convergence of Centeral Iran and Alborz-Azerbaijan to Arabian platform during Precambrian (closure of branch of the Proto Tethys Ocean).