The presence of Precambrian basement in Gole Gohar of Sirjan (south of Iran)


1 Department of Geology, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

2 Division of Geological, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, United States


The mylonitic granitoids of Gole Gohar, south east of Sirjan, are located in a key area which their study is important for understanding the history of Precambrian basement of Sanandaj- Sirjan zone and its metamorphic and magmatic evolution during the subduction of Neo- Tethys. Field studies show that these granitoids are located in the basement of the metamorphic rocks such as metapelite, calc schist and amphibolite. In this Study the granitoidic intrusions are classified in two types based on lithology and their geochemistry. Type I is garnet- biotite granitoid and type II is hastingsite granitoid. Both of these granites show some evidence of mylonitic fabric, which is more clear in garnet- biotite granitoid. These plutons are Meta aluminous, I Type granitoid and have high K calc-alkaline nature. Based on U-Pb dating of zircon, the age of all granitoids is between 538.6–580.7 Ma (Late Precambrian- Early Cambrian). Based on the results of this study, despite the mineralogical and geochemical differences, all granitoidic intrusions formed in the Precambrian during the Pan African orogeny. The old age of the granitoids is similar to those introduced in other parts of Sanandaj-Sirjan zone that may indicate the presence of Precambrian basement in almost the entire Sanandaj-Sirjan zone.